Anorexia and Its Metaphors

  • Susannah Margaret Wilson University of Warwick

Abstract

This article highlights questions about a number of popularly held beliefs regarding anorexia nervosa. The beliefs this article addresses include that it is a ‘disease’ caused by socio-cultural pressures on women to be excessively thin or self-effacing; and that in the post-war period the problem has increased to the level of an epidemic. Using the influential insights offered by cultural critic Susan Sontag’s consideration of ‘illness as metaphor’, the article examines the ways in which these beliefs are culturally constructed through metaphorical thinking. Without discounting the socio-cultural explanations for the increased diagnosis of anorexia, it suggests that the breaking down of these powerful metaphors would be constructive in order to achieve a more measured cultural view of the problem. Drawing on key publications from the last 50 years, contemporary press reports and historical research on anorexia I argue that the myths surrounding the disorder confer on it a potency that is out of proportion to its cultural importance.

Author Biography

Susannah Margaret Wilson, University of Warwick
I am Assistant Professor in French Studies in the School of Modern Languages and Cultures, University of Warwick. I am a former British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellow and currently holder of a British Academy Rising Star Engagement Award.

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A whole apple and a partially eaten apple
Published
2016-04-30
How to Cite
WILSON, Susannah Margaret. Anorexia and Its Metaphors. Exchanges: the Warwick Research Journal, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 216-226, apr. 2016. ISSN 2053-9665. Available at: <http://exchanges.warwick.ac.uk/article/view/135>. Date accessed: 21 nov. 2017.
Section
Review Articles

Keywords

anorexia, metaphor, eating disorders, body image, female body, visibility