Alternautas 2022-07-28T17:14:31+01:00 Angus McNelly & Gibrán Cruz-Martínez Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Alternautas</strong> is a multi-disciplinary journal devoted to counter-balancing mainstream understandings of development in/from Latin America – Abya Yala. <strong>Alternautas</strong> emerges from a desire to bridge language barriers by bringing Latin-American critical development thinking to larger, English-speaking audiences. The journal covers a broad range of development issues in a mix of regular and special issues. The journal was launched in 2014 and is fully open-access without fees for readers or authors.</p> <p>9 Days avg. from Submission to First Editorial Decision (2022)</p> Book Review: Sebastian Garbe (2022) Weaving Solidarity. Decolonial Perspectives on Transnational Advocacy of and with the Mapuche. Transcript Verlag. 2022-06-06T18:48:04+01:00 Andrea Sempertegui <p><em>Weaving Solidarity </em>(2022) by Sebastian Garbe is a novel and potent contribution to debates on international solidarity and decoloniality. The thread that connects the book’s different chapters is the author’s examination of how the Mapuche, as a transnational and collective actor composed by the Mapuche living in the Indigenous territory of Wallmapuand the Mapuche diaspora living in Europe, produce their own network of solidarity. Contrary to analyses that interpret relations of solidarity in a humanitarian key, i.e. analyses that make a clear distinction between passive receivers of support who are affected by a particular conflict and active agents (external to the conflict) whose moral imperative is to give support, Garbe shows how the Mapuche are not mere receptors of solidarity. On the contrary, the Mapuche themselves have created a design of transnational solidarity since the 1970s, which has neither been fully determined by non-Indigenous givers of support located in the global north, nor fully occupied or saturated by “the conflict” with the Chilean state.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Sempertegui Book Review: Sheller, Mimi (2020) Island Futures: Caribbean Survival in the Anthropocene. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 226. ISBN:9781478010128 2022-07-19T11:37:56+01:00 Gibrán Cruz-Martínez <p>What alternatives to disaster recovery can we think of? What are the dynamics behind the ‘just recoveries’ of disasters? In ‘Island Futures’, Mimi Sheller invites us to envisage alternatives to development, disaster recovery and disaster capitalism in the Caribbean region. Thinking the Caribbean mainly from the Haitian experience, Sheller reflects on the workings of uneven post-disaster recovery in an era where the human-made ecological crisis has become more evident. In sum, she invites us to reflect on the implications of an “ever-worsening climate change driven by neoliberal capitalism” that will only produce more disasters and perpetuate underdevelopment if nothing is done to reverse the current trajectory.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gibrán Cruz-Martínez Rivers of Scarcity. Utopian water regimes and flows against the current 2022-05-09T09:16:08+01:00 Rutgerd Boelens <p>Utopians organized space, nature and society to perfection, including land and water governance -- rescuing society from deep-rooted crisis: “The happiest basis for a civilized community, to be universally adopted” (Thomas More, 1516). These days, similarly, well-intended utopian water governance regimes suggest radical transformations to combat the global Water Crisis, controlling deviant natures and humans. In this essay I examine water utopia and dystopia as mirror societies. Modern utopias ignore real-life water cultures, squeeze rivers dry, concentrate water for the few, and blame the victims.</p> <p>But water-user collectives, men and women, increasingly speak up. They ask scholars and students to help question Flying Islands experts’ claims to rationality, democracy and equity; to co-create water knowledges and co-design water governance, building rooted socionatural commons, building “riverhood”.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rutgerd Boelens Fighting racism in monocultural university systems and institutions in Latin America 2022-05-25T08:55:56+01:00 Daniel Mato <p>Racism, as both the founding ideology and regime of power constitutive of the Modern World, is a crucial cause of pervasive inequalities in all Latin American societies. As it happens to other social fields, racism intrinsically marks hegemonic&nbsp;<em>monocultural</em>&nbsp; Higher Education policies, systems, and institutions. Eradicating racism in university systems and institutions demands transforming the whole field to make it completely&nbsp;<em>intercultural</em>, an ambitious and long-run mission that currently involves the practices of numerous and highly diverse social agents. Meanwhile, some of these agents and others with less transformative agendas have been implementing concrete measures to content or fight racism in&nbsp;<em>monocultural</em>&nbsp;university systems and institutions. This article discusses diverse initiatives that seek to content or fight racism in&nbsp;<em>monocultural</em>&nbsp;Higher Education in some Latin American countries. Some of these initiatives have implemented “affirmative action” and other programs to ensure access and fruitful trajectories for Afro-descendant and indigenous people students in&nbsp;<em>monocultural</em>&nbsp;universities. Others have set up programs that articulate the goal of strengthening the educational experiences of these two groups of students with activities that seek <em>interculturalizing</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>monocultural</em> universities. The article shows that although most of these modalities of action have achieved valuable advances, they also confront similar tensions and challenges. These issues are focal points in the work of some regional networks that integrate agents from these initiatives with others participating in other forms of fighting racism in higher education, such as those developed in/from intercultural and Afrodecendant´s and indigenous peoples´ universities.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Mato Harnessing the Storm 2022-04-07T12:08:30+01:00 Angus McNelly <p>Following the end of the progressive cycle in Latin America, new social movements and transformative social forces have emerged. This article develops a decolonial reading of the work of Bolivian Marxist René Zavaleta Mercardo (1937–1984) through the work of his most significant student, Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui (1949–), in order to offer a way to search for forward forwards future transformative projects. I argue the concept of ‘constitutive moments’ gives us pointers as to which historical threads to pick up and trace forwards and backwards through the contours of history to better grasp what is going on and what is at stake. Moreover, <em>Lo abigarrado </em>and ch’ixi, concepts elaborated by Zavaleta and Rivera Cusicanqui to theorise the heterogeneous character of Latin American social formations, create space for thinking through futures drawn from both beyond and outside capitalism and within its contradictions.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Angus McNelly Wounded relational worlds 2022-06-06T13:02:49+01:00 Diego Silva-Garzon Hernandez Vidal Nathalia Holmes Christina <p>In this article we engage with four experimental ethnographies (Blaser, 2010; Lyons, 2020; Miller, 2019; and Gordillo 2014) that build on multispecies approaches for the analysis of what we call ‘wounded relational worlds’ in Latin America. These are worlds in which human and more-than-human relations have been significantly reshaped, broken, or disrupted by colonization and capitalist extractivism(s). Despite this, wounded relational worlds have the capacity to emerge from the ashes, rebuild on rubble, create new knowledge from destruction and use the remnants of capitalist violence as compost for the cultivation of life. Thus, we establish a dialogue with these ethnographies to analyze the diverse forms of relationality through which these wounded worlds are created, the types of knowledge that they produce, and the politics and tactics of action that they generate vis-à-vis climate and socio-environmental disturbances.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Diego Silva, Nathalia Hernandez Vidal, Christina Holmes Alternautas in The Changing Landscape of Latin America’s and Global Development Imaginaries 2022-07-27T15:36:02+01:00 Ana E Carballo Adrian E Beling Johannes M. Waldmüller Julien Vanhulst <p>First off, a very warm welcome to this landmark issue of <em>Alternautas</em>, now hosted in an OJS platform at the University of Warwick. Opening our first issue as an OJS journal is a significant milestone and in this editorial introduction we would like to share with you, our dear readers, some insights about our journey so far. <em>Alternautas</em> collective editorial project has been one of the pioneers in the creation of decentralized and collaborative media platforms for the production and dissemination of non-mainstream academic and activist knowledge.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ana E Carballo, Adrian E Beling, Johannes M. Waldmüller, Julien Vanhulst Introducing Alternautas 2.0 2022-07-25T18:34:29+01:00 Angus McNelly Gibrán Cruz-Martínez <p>We are delighted to launch the new OJS version of <em>Alternautas</em>, hosted by the University of Warwick<em>.</em> The first iteration of <em>Alternautas </em>began as a rigorous peer-reviewed blog designed to widen the circulation of knowledge produced by the global South about the global South. It was forged in the fires of the pink tide governments – progressive governments in power across Latin America during the first decade or so of the twenty-first century – and the vigorous debates around development and its alternatives that raged simultaneously, as Carballo, Beling and Waldmüller outline in their history of <em>Alternautas </em>(this issue). The political landscape has shifted in the nine years since <em>Alternautas’</em> inception. The first generation of pink tide governments have run their cause, unseated from power by the political turbulence that followed the 2008 financial crash (see our special issues on the End of Cycle, <em>Alternautas</em>, 2016). However, the right-wing forced that deposed the Left from power – either through coup d’état, lawfare or the ballot box – have proved unable to tighten their grip on power. A new generation of the Latin American Left is now in power in Chile and Colombia – previous bastons of neoliberalism – whilst the successors of the pink tide reside over Argentina, Bolivia and possibly Brazil, if Lula is successful in his bid to become president once again later this year.</p> 2022-07-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Angus McNelly; Gibrán Cruz-Martínez